Perfectly grilled branzino. Photo by Donna Turner Ruhlman.

A perfectly grilled branzino. Photo by Donna Turner Ruhlman.

A confession: I’m not a great cooker of fish. In fact, Donna hates it when I cook fish, because I usually want to put some kind of fancy sauce on it. She wants it sautéed with plain lemon, a little butter maybe. (Yawn.) But she’s usually right—I don’t cook it often enough to get good at it. But another part of the reason I’m fish challenged is that I grew up in Cleveland in the 1970s where fish came into the grocery store on Monday (trucked in, no doubt) and sat around through Saturday, which was the only time in Cleveland you could get a good sense of what low tide smells like. The only fish I ate, and ate grudgingly, was breaded, fried, frozen, and reheated in a toaster oven, and I was able to get it down only with a stiff shot of tartar sauce.

Fish was never part of my life.

When I found myself working grill station in St. Andrew’s, I grilled salmon, and at the first pickup the chef made sure I served the gray, fatty side down the next time. Grill station at Sans Souci a couple years later, I grilled steaks, lamb chops, salmon, and halibut. Salmon is a decent fish to grill, but the halibut was a bitch because if you weren’t constantly throwing logs into the fire, which, frequently in the weeds, I would neglect to do, the fish would stick and really screw up my night. You can grill cod, and it’s very tasty, but it really wants to stick, too, and it gets so flaky that it’s really hard to grill without it falling apart and becoming a mess.

But: whole fish—whole, single-portion, skin-on, bone-in fish—are awesome on the grill, and very easy to cook. Most important, they give the fish-challenged cook, such as myself, a big window for doneness. Fish fillets have to be cooked on the money—they go from perfect to overcooked very quickly. Whole, skin-on fish have their bones to flavor the meat and keep it moist, and the skin protects the delicate flesh. This is what makes trout a great fish to grill.

Branzino (plural, branzini) may be the best. Why? Because of their bones. They’re high in cartilage, meaning that when the flesh gets hot, instead of overheating and drying out, it melts the cartilage so that the flesh stays succulent long after the fish has hit the right temperature. (The fish may be more universally known as European sea bass, but with all the different bass out there, I favor a distinctive name, so branzini it is. Ours were from Whole Foods, farm-raised to WF standards in Greece, and cost less than $9 each.)

The fish above sat around for many minutes (a maddening length of time to hungry me) while Donna made sure she got shots she liked. By the time we finally sat down to lunch (sautéed fennel and zucchini, kept warm in a sauté pan on the grill, grilled sourdough and cold white wine), the flesh had stayed amazingly juicy.

Donna, who usually simply says while eating such a meal, “Michael, just admit it, you can’t cook fish,” actually swooned. She could not believe it. Even the skin, charred and crispy, was delicious. “I told you you were going to like this,” I said. She shook her head and swooned some more. God, it makes me happy when she loves something so much.

The basics: have your fishmonger remove guts and gills, scale it, and snip off the pectoral fins (or do it yourself). Stuff the fish with flavorful aromatics. Build a super hot fire and make sure you let the grate itself get really hot. Rub your fish with oil, oil your grill, and press the fish gently down on the grate so it sears (don’t move it, let cook so that it doesn’t stick). I did these about 4 minutes a side, covering the grill for half the time to make sure the aromats heated through (they flavor the meat and their moisture also helps to keep the fish from overcooking).

So, in the end, the first lesson in how to grill fish is how to choose which fish to grill.


Grilled Branzini with Fennel, Lemon, and Shallot

  • 4 branzini, scaled, gills and pectoral fins removed (they’ll be 10 to 12 inches/25 to 30 centimeters long and weigh a little under a pound apiece)
  • 1 fennel bulb with fronds
  • Fine sea salt
  • 1 shallot, thinly sliced
  • 8 thin slices of lemon
  • Olive oil
  1. Prepare a very hot fire with enough coals to grill all the fish over direct heat.
  2. Remove the fronds from the fennel to use for stuffing the fish. Halve the fennel and cut four thin slices, also for stuffing the cavity. (Julienne the rest and sauté it as a side dish along with zucchini; shave it thinly on a mandoline and toss with lemon juice, shaved red onion, and olive oil; or reserve for another use). Lightly salt the fish cavities. Stuff 2 lemon slices, 2 fennel slices, the fennel fronds, and some shallot in each fish. (If you’re concerned about the garnish falling out when you turn the fish, feel free to secure it with two toothpicks.) Rub both sides with olive oil. Sprinkle both sides with salt.
  3. Rub the grate of the grill with oil and lay the fish on the grill. Cook until the skin is browned, about 4 minutes. Turn the fish, careful not to let the stuffing fall out. Cover the grill and cook until the fish is warm in the center. (An instant-read thermometer inserted high into the cavity against the spine should read about 140°F/60°C. The fish, thanks to the bones, can rest for 5 minutes or so while you finish the side dishes, and will remain hot and moist.) Remove the stuffing before plating, and discard.

Serves 4

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© 2013 Michael Ruhlman. Photo © 2013 Donna Turner Ruhlman. All rights reserved.


15 Wonderful responses to “Grilled Branzini”

  • MonkeyBoy

    I’ve cooked trout like this often. You really don’t need any outer prep (such as scaling) because the skin just winds up charred and is thrown away.

    One nice thing about this method is how easily the charred skin separates from the flesh. Also you really don’t need any stuffing for extra flavoring because the whole fish becomes perfused with a smokey flavor.

  • Paul Kobulnicky

    Just did grilled sardines this weekend. Same way. Great results. Recommend that you salt the skin a bit before you grill it.

  • allen

    You can cut slits into a larger fish, such as a red snapper, into the thicker part to even the cooking and rub in more flavor.
    This fish would go good with a Lola cocktail from Tom Douglas place of the same name.
    It’s a cocktail of muddled rosemary, uzo and orange juice, garnish with a sprig of rosemary. Pita bread, hummas and olives on the side.
    C’mon Friday!

  • Food for Feast

    Same for me, I put off doing fish for these reasons. However, I have mastered the art of Salmon and do a reasonable whole trout.

    Glad I’m not the only one LOL.

  • NancyRing

    “She shook her head and swooned some more. God, it makes me happy when she loves something so much.”
    Husbands saying this makes women swoon all over again!

  • Ruthy @ Omeletta

    Beautiful branzini are my favorite “friends-are-over-for-dinner” meal. It’s so foolproof and makes you look like a fishy badass! Though I’m with Donna, liking my fish with just some sea salt and lemon, this fennel and shallot stuffing sounds like a pretty good change-up.

  • former butcher

    My personal fish grilling philosophy has undergone a “sea change” in the last year or so. I used to think that every type and species of fish was best served by grilling. And I encountered the same problems Michael mentions, particularly with “flaky” fish like cod or halibut. Olive oil, lemon and sea salt were my primary seasonings. I thought the results were great, particularly with “oily” fish like salmon, sea bass or mackeral (I still think that grilling is the only way to go with this fish).
    Then I came across some French recipes for poaching…. and I haven’t grilled a fish( completely, that is) since. I might just use the grill to get some “char” on the surface. Then, into the liquid bath of love it goes. And I save the poaching liquid, and add to it as it diminishes. Sometimes I might just grill skin, then add its flavor to the poaching medium. Anyway, I have never seen branzino, from Greece or anyplace else in my neck of the woods, and I doubt I ever will. I guess I’ll just have to go to Sicily, and have it grilled over dried grape vines. What wine would best go with that?

  • rwoof1

    Michael, I grew up in Cleveland too and for me it was canned sardines, crackers and a few sneaks of my Dad’s Carling Black Label beer.

  • cleek

    by coincidence, i saw branzino for the very first time this past weekend, in Wyoming of all places. never seen it in NC.

  • Rachele

    Mr. Ruhlman, I must ask you a question. You say to “tell my fishmonger…” I am a Clevelander and I have no idea where to find a fishmonger to call mine. Maybe I should, but I don’t. Can you make any recommendations?

    • david burke

      Two very good sources: Elliot–or anyone else– @ Whole Foods; and Kate’s Fish @ West Side Market….always very dependable, great fish there…

  • Peter

    Rachele, like he said, Whole Foods. The one at Cedar Center has a great fish selection. But I prefer to do all the gutting and other stuff myself. And I leave on all the fins; more flavor.

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